John Campbell White papers
The John Campbell White papers are a collection of correspondence, legal documents, financial documents, the Second Bank of the United States documents, John Campbell White & Sons Distillery papers, genealogical material related to the White, Buckler, Dorsey, Eichelberger, and Lyde families, a travel journal, poetry, copies of medical articles, maps and charts, printed ephemera, scrapbooks and scrapbook material, and commonplace books. The entire collection is arranged chronologically, within each series, ranging in date from 1772 to 1926. The collection, consisting of 25 boxes, has been reprocessed since the 1960s and placed in acid-free folders and boxes.
- White, John Campbell, 1700s-1862 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use.
Conditions Governing Use
The reproduction of materials in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine and satisfy copyright clearances or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information visit the MCHC’s Rights and Permissions page.
Dr. John Campbell White (1757-1847) came to the United States with some of his several sons in 1798 from Ireland. After becoming a successful doctor, he founded White and Sons Distillery. The collection is named after one of these sons, John Campbell White.
John Campbell White (1700s-1862), also referred to as John White throughout this collection, became Cashier of the Second Bank of the United States on September 18, 1821. The Baltimore branch of the Bank of the United States opened in 1792. This branch operated under a charter from Congress until 1811, when a new charter from the State of New York was issued. The Congress created a new charter in 1816, when the bank became known as the Second Bank of the United States. The Baltimore branch of this bank opened in the same year. This second charter lasted until 1835, when the charter expired and the local bank, Merchant’s Bank of Baltimore, takes over the affairs of the Baltimore branch. Since then the bank name and ownership has changed several times, and currently exists as Allfirst Bank. See also Appendix B for information on the history of Bank of the United States.
In addition to being the Cashier of the bank, John White was a partner of his father’s distillery business John Campbell White and Sons, which was in business from about 1814-1835. John White was also apparently a partner in a real estate business with his brother Henry White (1793-1882). See also Appendix A for a White family tree. The majority of this collection centers on business documents concerning John White. For more information on the White family, see the collections MS 1005.1 and MS 1005.2 of the Special Collections Department in the Library of the Maryland Historical Society. There is also a White family collection at Hampton National Historic Site located at 535 Hampton Lane, Towson, Maryland 21286-1313. The phone number there is 410.823.1309.
12 Linear Feet (25 boxes)
Language of Materials
The John Campbell White Papers consist of 13 major series: 1.) Correspondence 2.) Legal Documents 3.) Financial Documents 4.) Bank Documents 5.) John Campbell White and Sons Distillery 6.) Printed Ephemera 7.) Maps and Charts 8.) Genealogical Material 9.) Copies of Medical Articles 10.) Literary Manuscripts-Poetry 11.) Diaries-Travel Journal 12.) Scrapbooks and Scrapbook Material 13.) Commonplace Books. The Papers in this collection range from 1772-1926. Each series is arranged chronologically. All undated material is filed after the dated material in each series.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Mr. John Campbell White donated The John Campbell White Papers to the Maryland Historical Society Library in September 1954. Mr. White was the great-grandson of John Campbell White, after whom the collection is named. This collection is the first in a series of three collections relating to John Campbell White. An unknown donor donated the second collection (MS 1005.1), White Papers, 1835-1892. The third collection (MS 1005.2), entitled John Campbell White Papers, 1764-1928, was in part acquired by exchange in 1962 (Accession number 58001). The donation of the remaining papers within MS 1005.2 is unknown.
Scope and Contents
The John Campbell White Papers are a collection of correspondence, legal documents, financial documents, the Second Bank of the United States documents, John Campbell White & Sons Distillery papers, printed ephemera, maps and charts, genealogical material, copies of medical articles, poetry, a travel journal, scrapbooks and scrapbook material, and commonplace books. The entire collection is arranged chronologically, within each series, ranging in date from 1772 to 1926. The collection, consisting of 25 boxes, has been reprocessed since the 1960s and placed in acid-free folders and boxes.
The bulk of the material concerns John Campbell White (1700s-1862) the son of Dr. John Campbell White (1757-1847). The majority of this material spans the years 1816-1870, the greater part of which is business and personal correspondence. Most of the correspondence relates to the business of John Campbell White while he was employed as Cashier at the Bank. There is also a large amount of business and personal correspondence to and from Henry White, John’s brother. Correspondence between individual members of the White family and either John or Henry is included in the correspondence subseries for John or Henry, while the remaining White family correspondence can be found in the “Correspondence-White family” series. The correspondence of those other than White family members is in the “Correspondence-General” series.
Next to correspondence, financial documents and bank documents constitute a substantial portion of the collection. Receipts constitute a large part of both the Financial document series and the Bank document series. The Financial document series includes both personal and business transactions, primarily activities of the Second Bank of the United States.
The materials in the Bank series, such as minutes, financial documents, legal documents, and correspondence provide a comprehensive look at the overall operations of the Bank itself. The current Bank series is the same Bank series that was created by the archivist in the 1960s. Due to time restraints, no additional Bank documents were added to this series. The researcher is advised there are documents related to the Bank in almost every other series in this collection.
While there are materials in the Distillery series related to the operations of the distillery, more can be gleaned from the family legal papers within this series. The legal documents in this series document a legal case among White family members over the ownership of the distillery and the estate of Dr. John Campbell White.
Though the remainder of the collection is smaller, the materials offer insight into what was deemed socially and medically important during the second half of the nineteenth century. This can be seen through what items were collected and saved, such as scrapbooks, commonplace books, a travel journal, poetry, copies of medical articles, maps and charts, and printed ephemera.
Genealogical material related to the White, Buckler, Eichelberger, Lyde, and Ridgely families will be found in Series VI. Researchers interested in the White family should also look at the “Correspondence- White family” subseries as well as “Legal Documents-White family” and “John Campbell White & Sons Distillery-Legal Documents”. A major difficulty for the researcher may be that numerous “John Campbell Whites” flourished simultaneously.
The arrangement of these papers, then, defines the scope of this collection. The papers preserved in this collection are a significant source of Maryland history. The history of the Second Bank of the United States and the White and Sons Distillery, along with the information regarding the White family leave much of value to the researcher.
- Guide to the John Campbell White papers
- Under Revision
- Emily Close Hubbard
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- 2019-09-18: Manually entered into ArchivesSpace by Emily Somach.