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William Howard manumission papers

Identifier: MS 3257


The collection consists of documents relating to the manumission and service of William Howard (circa 1835-1864) who served in the 30th United States Colored Infantry during the American Civil War.


  • 1846, 1864


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

The reproduction of materials in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine and satisfy copyright clearances or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information visit the MCHC’s Rights and Permissions page.

Biographical / Historical

William Howard (circa 1835-1864) was a laborer from Baltimore, Maryland enslaved by Priscilla Ann Jessop Daugherty (1825-1904). Her husband, John Wright Daugherty, was a coal dealer and they lived in Jackson Square in East Baltimore.

The federal War Department issued General Order No. 329 on October 3, 1863, which granted compensation to anyone in Maryland who manumitted an enslaved individual to serve in the United States military. On April 1, 1864, Mrs. Daugherty manumitted Howard directly into the service of the United States Colored Troops in order to receive compensation. Howard served with the 30th Colored Infantry, Company I until his death at the Siege of Petersburg on November 24, 1864.


0.2 Linear Feet (1 half hollinger box and 1 oversize folder)

Language of Materials



The items are arranged chronologically in folders.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Swann Galleries, 2022. Accession #2022-010-LIB


Weidman, Budge. “Black Soldiers in the Civil War.” National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, 1997.
"MRS. PRISCILLA ANN DAUGHERTY." The Sun (1837-), Aug 16, 1904.

Scope and Contents

The collection contains documents relating to the manumission and service of William Howard, as well as enslaver Priscilla Ann Jessop Daugherty. Included is an 1846 deed of "one Negro boy Charles Howard" (possibly William Howard's brother) from Priscilla Jessop to her step-daughter Priscilla A. Jessop; a volunteer descriptive list form documenting William Howard’s enlistment in the United States Colored Troops, including Daugherty's signed statement that "the above slave is her property for life"; an "Evidence of Title" form testifying that Daugherty acquired Howard as her "slave for life" by inheritance in 1858, with supporting statements by two witnesses; three conjoined forms signed by Daugherty including a "Claimant's Certificate" claiming her right to compensation for Howard's enlistment, her signed "Oath of Allegiance" to the United States to demonstrate her eligibility to receive compensation, and her pledge to file a deed of manumission; a true copy of Howard’s "Deed of Manumission and Release of Service"; and photocopied muster rolls of Howard’s service.

Guide to the William Howard manumission papers
Hilde Perrin
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the H. Furlong Baldwin Library Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library
Maryland Center for History and Culture
610 Park Avenue
Baltimore MD 21201 United States