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Revolutionary War military records

Identifier: MS 1146


Artificial collection of military documents of the American Revolution, primarily troop rolls and accounts for pay and provisions.


  • 1776-1824


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

The reproduction of materials in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine and satisfy copyright clearances or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information visit the MCHC’s Rights and Permissions page.


6.38 Linear Feet (8 boxes and 3 oversize)

Language of Materials



Items within each series are arranged by date.


The items in this collection were acquired from a variety of sources, mainly from the Maryland Line Papers, purchases, and the Manuscripts Vertical File. Some of these items, it is suspected, are originally from the Scharf Collection, MS. 1999; these items are listed as Appendix A.

Scope and Contents

The collection is divided into six series: Militia Enlistments, Maryland Line Enlistments, Accounts of Provisions, Pay Accounts and Payrolls, Oaths of Allegiance, and miscellaneous records.

Series I, Militia Enlistments are Maryland militia papers including enlistments, muster rolls, and rosters.

Series II, Maryland Line Enlistments are the enlistments, muster rolls, and rosters pertaining to the seven Maryland regiments, the Maryland Artillery, and other regiments attached to the Maryland Line e.g., the German Regiment. Also included in this section are enlistments, rosters, and muster rolls pertaining to the Flying Camp and the Independent Companies of Maryland. These items were added to this section because the Flying Camp, the Independent Companies, and Smallwood's Regiment were the nucleus around which the Maryland Line was formed in December 1776.

Series III, Accounts of Provisions, consists of records of provisions and clothing that were issued to the Maryland Line mainly between 1779 and the end of the war. The regiments mentioned are the seven Maryland regiments, the Maryland Artillery, Rawling's Regiment, the German Regiment, and detachments of the Maryland Line at Annapolis and Frederick.

Series IV, Pay Accounts and Payrolls, includes documents concerning money transactions from the beginning of the war to the last settlements of pay disputes in the late 1780's. Most of these items concern the payment of Maryland Continental Troops during and after the war.

Series V, Oaths of Allegiance, consists of documents signed by the residents of the respective counties. Cecil, St. Mary’s, Washington, and Worcester Counties are represented in this collection, as are oaths submitted to the Governor and Council. See Appendix A below for a detailed inventory of the contents of this series.

Series VI, Miscellaneous records, consists of documents that did not fit comfortably within any of the five series defined above.

Guide to the Revolutionary War military records
In Progress
Robert S. Coale
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Revision Statements

  • 2019-09-27: Manually entered into ArchivesSpace by Mallory Herberger.

Repository Details

Part of the H. Furlong Baldwin Library Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library
Maryland Center for History and Culture
610 Park Avenue
Baltimore MD 21201 United States