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Louis A. M. Krause papers

Identifier: MS 3081


The papers of Louis A. M. Krause, M.D. (1896-1975) document his life and career, from his education in Baltimore schools to his later speeches and articles. Abundant material is available from his years of military service in World Wars I and II. In addition to his own travel diaries and correspondence, there are papers from two sisters and a brother.


  • 1908-1985
  • Majority of material found in 1917-1970


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

The reproduction of materials in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine and satisfy copyright clearances or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections. For more information visit the MCHC’s Rights and Permissions page.

Biographical Note

Louis August Moyer Krause was born December 14, 1896 in Baltimore and attended high school at City College. He earned his M.D. from the University of Maryland in 1917, just as the United States was becoming involved in World War I. For the next two years, he was a military surgeon in the Army Medical Corps at field hospitals in France and occupied areas of Germany. He also served in World War II, working at Lawson Hospital in Atlanta and Camp Butner in North Carolina.

In his civilian life, Krause enjoyed a long career as physician and teacher in his native city. He was Professor of Clinical Medicine at the University of Maryland and Chief of Medical Services at Lutheran Hospital, plus a consultant to Baltimore City hospitals, Provident Hospital and others. In addition to his medical work, Krause pursued an interest in Middle Eastern languages and history, making trips to the Arabian peninsula and other countries in the area. At home, he was in much demand as a public speaker for commencements and many other occasions, including radio and television shows.

As a member of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland (MedChi), Krause served as chairman of the Library and History Committee and commissioned a survey of the historical collection there. Eventually MedChi established a rare book reading room in his memory, dedicated in 1988. The contents of that collection are now at the Maryland Historical Society.

Krause remained unmarried and lived with his sister Louise Krause until his death on July 27, 1975.


9.6 Linear Feet (23 boxes)

Language of Materials



The breakdown of series and boxes is as follows:

Series I: School and Lecture Notes, 1910-1943

Subseries A: Public Schools [Box 1]

Subseries B: Medical School [Boxes 2, 3]

Subseries C: Lecture Courses [Boxes 3, 4]

Series II: Military Service, 1917-1919, 1942-1945

Subseries A: World War I [Boxes 5, 6, 7]

Subseries B: World War II [Box 8]

Series III: Correspondence and Family Papers, 1918-1985

Subseries A: Family Correspondence [Box 9]

Subseries B: General Correspondence [Box 10]

Subseries C: Letters of Appreciation [Box 11]

Series IV: Articles, Speeches, and Programs, circa 1950-1980

Subseries A: Articles and Speeches [Boxes 12, 13]

Subseries B: Speech Notes and Clippings [Box 14]

Subseries C: Requests and Programs [Boxes 14, 15, 16]

Series V: Travel Diaries and Scrapbooks, 1908-1978 (Boxes 17, 18, Flat Box A)

Series VI: Personal Records and Ephemera (Boxes 19, 20, 21, Flat Box B)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland in 1999.

Related Materials

PP 0254, Louis A. M. Krause photograph collection, 1907-1968

MS 3000, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland manuscript collection, 1706-1978

Processing Information

The Louis A. M. Krause materials were originally part of MS 3000, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland Manuscript Collection. Due to its size, the Krause material was separated to form MS 3081 and PP 0254.

Scope and Contents

The Krause Papers have now been arranged into six series, with a different order than originally received from the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland.

Series I: School and Lecture Notes is a collection of class notes from subjects taken in high school, medical school, and later courses in oriental history and languages.

Series II: Military Service contains records of Krause’s activities in World Wars I and II, in many different forms: official reports and orders, maps, travel guides, newspapers, postcards, pamphlets, manuals, theater tickets and programs, song lyrics, and a diary. All these documents are not cleanly separated by type, but rather are mixed together in the folders. More than three quarters of the material is from World War I.

Series III: Correspondence and Family Papers preserves the many letters Krause wrote to family members during World War I and later. The general Correspondence section documents his connections with Baltimore area hospitals and MedChi, plus his relationship with Wendell Phillips, oil magnate and archaeologist. An entire box is filled with letters of thanks and appreciation for Krause’s services.

Series IV: Articles, Speeches, and Programs provides the texts of Krause’s public speeches and journal publications—often difficult to tell apart, since many are in undated typescript. Krause did publish medical research, but most of the articles and speeches are on topics of general interest, with an emphasis on medical themes in the Bible. Also preserved here are radio and TV scripts, notes and clippings used for speeches, plus two entire boxes full of programs for the events at which Krause spoke.

Series V: Travel Diaries and Scrapbooks offers writings and memorabilia from Krause’s extensive travels in Europe and the Middle East; some of these are from his sisters Louise Krause and Annabel Kimball.

Series VI: Personal Records and Ephemera includes a large variety of items such as school memorabilia, member IDs and certificates, and a removed splinter. Some larger and oddly shaped items are in Flat Box B.

Guide to the Louis A. M. Krause papers
Under Revision
Original processing done at Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland (MedChi). Boxes and folders rearranged and numbered by Richard Y. Meier.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Revision Statements

  • 2020-04-01: Manually entered into ArchivesSpace by Sandra Glascock

Repository Details

Part of the H. Furlong Baldwin Library Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library
Maryland Center for History and Culture
610 Park Avenue
Baltimore MD 21201 United States